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This narrative referred to her as simply the earthly mother of several sons and daughters. The reference was actually about a group of people who addressed Jesus and said, 'Your mother and your brothers and your sisters are outside asking for you'. Here was a profound truth.

From here onwards, Mary almost vanished from the church texts, and apart from an obscure final reference to her in the Acts of the Apostles she disappeared forever from the New Testament. Combining the evidence available, the position advanced in this book is that Mary, the mother of Jesus in the Gospels, Stadea of the Jewish writings , and Mariamne of the House of Herod were one and the same person.


At the time of the development of the Gospels, Mariamne was the younger sister of Herodias and the two girls were an integral part of the vast 'family of Herodes' Herod today. They were the much loved granddaughters of King Herod and he 'cared for them with great devotion'. Mariamne and Herodias Herod were of noble birth through King Herod c.

Mariamne Herod's father was Aristobulus, the son of Herod the Great, and her mother Berenice was the daughter of Herod's sister, Salome. King Herod himself descended from a noble line of kings through his Nabatean mother, Cypros of Petra.

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The Nabateans were a Semitic people and the earliest sources regarded them as Arabs. Today they are generally referred to as Nabatean Arabs. Owing to its secure location, Petra was adopted by the Nabatean kings as their capital city which became incorporated into the Roman Empire in The Nabatean Arabs passed out of history with the advent of Islam. The name Herod subsequently became the title of seven rulers mentioned in the New Testament and in Roman history.

King Herod was known to the Romans as 'The Great' but in the eyes of the people over whom he ruled however, he was always known as 'The Impious', despite his costly restoration of the Temple in Jerusalem. Another son was later born to Herod and, for his safety, his mother dispatched him to the care of her family in Ariminum, a city near Ravenna in Northern Italy.

He was one of the major figures in politics of Palestine in the early years of the Roman Empire. Mariamne Herod 's ancestors can be traced back on her grandmother's Mariamne I side to the Hasmonean 'priest-kings' and 'hereditary priests' from the tribe of Benjamin.

She, her sister, and her brothers were descendants of the legitimate Hasmonean dynasty and 'carried the Hasmonean blood'. It was Herodias who was involved in the Gospel story of the beheading of John the Baptist, for which she received a level of notoriety and defamation similar to that of Mary Magdalene. The available records reflect an intricate tangle of marriages, intermarriages and divorces between the Herods and the Romans. In the account of the Gospel of Mark , for example, Herodias later married Herod Philip I, her own uncle, by whom she had a daughter, Salome.

Salome was named after her Hasmodean ancestor Salome Alexandra, herself a priestess-king. Later in time, Herod 'Without-land' Antipas apparently fell in love with Herodias and proposed to her. Seeing that his fortunes were rising faster than her husband's, Herodias accepted his hand. She longed for social distinction, and accordingly left her husband and initially entered into an adulteress union with Herod Antipas, who was also her uncle.

The Four Gospels: An Introduction to Matthew, Mark, Luke and John (Intro)

When Herodias saw how well her brother Agrippa I had fared in Rome, whence he returned a king, she urged her husband Herod Antipas to go to Caesar and obtain the royal title, for she believed his claim to it was far greater than that of her brother. Antipas was not king, but only Tetrarch of Galilee.

The Emperor banished Herod Antipas to Lyons, Gaul France in 41 and although he permitted Herodias to return to her home in Rome, she chose to accompany her husband into exile. It was recorded that the male offspring of the House of Herod were forced to become circumcised Jews in the reign of John Hyrcanus, a Hasmonean of the earlier Maccabean period. In other words, the Herod family adopted the religion of Judaism. The religious movement of the Essenes was also connected to the Hasmonean bloodline through the High Priest, Mattathias, the father of the military king, Judas Maccabeus.

We know that Herod the Great was favorable towards the Essenes, maybe because they made it their invariable practice to refrain from disobedience to the political authority. The Jewish historical writer, Philo, recorded that they had never clashed with any ruler of Palestine, however tyrannical, until his lifetime in the mid first century. This was a passive attitude which could not fail to commend itself to King Herod, and it was reported he even went so far as to exempt the Essenes, like the Pharisees, from the oath of loyalty to himself. Numerous groups of Essenes existed 'all over, as they were a very numerous sect' 28 and were found in secluded country areas as well as cities.

Upon the birth of the twins, she then moved into the palace of Emperor Augustus and there she lived until the boys were old enough to receive schooling. It was due to their solidarity and the family affinity that the young Mariamne Herod had her illegitimate twin boys educated within the Essene community. The Essene hierarchy were her blood relatives and expounded similar principles and traditions to the Herodian philosophy. To avoid confusion in developing the premise provided in this work, Mary, the mother of Jesus in the New Testament, shall be called Mariamne Herod except when quoting from the Gospels.

The Roman father of the twins. As with ancient Hebrew, Christian and Jewish names, it is also difficult to be exactly sure of the real names of many of the Roman characters with which we are dealing and many irregularities arise. The allocation of names was unlike today's Western procedure and a great many were purposely compounded with the names of Caesars, deities, and hybrid variations such as Caracalla , Emperor of Rome Caracalla was a name derived from a long tunic worn by the Gauls, which he adopted as his favorite dress after he became emperor.

His proper name was M. Aurelius Antoninus. The name Caesar developed from Caesarian, being the nature of the birth of Julius Caesar. Sometimes a new name was afterwards substituted for the original one, just as Plato was originally called Aristocles. A popular loan-name among Roman men was Silvanius 30 that developed from the Roman god 'of uncultivated land beyond the boundaries of tillage'. A man with the name of Silvanius was depicted as 'uncanny and dangerous'. In many cases, the name was not given until the person was grown up and was then adapted from personal qualities such as Modestus, for example, and from servile condition Servus, or the name of an historical celebrity, Cornelia being one instance.

In another Roman tradition, the name was sometimes a reference to peculiar circumstances at birth: e. Lucius-born by day; Manius-born in the morning; Alphus-the first born; Quintusthe fifth born and Decimus-the tenth born. The name Tiberius Julius is the first part of the full name of Tiberius, Emperor of Rome, 31 the adopted son and heir of Emperor Augustus.

Whether Tiberius was a native of Sidon in Phoenicia as recorded on the headstone, is difficult to establish, for there are conflicting references to his birthplace. From a very early age Tiberius' parents were in fear of their lives through the uncertainty of the civil war, where wrong political allegiances could result in an early death. His childhood and youth were beset with hardships and difficulties, because Claudius Nero and Livia [his parents] took him wherever they went in their flight from Octavius He was next hurried all over Sicily His parents finally fled to Greece but were still in pursuit The Monumentum Ancrya 33 reported that at one stage the family sailed from Phoenicia to Egypt to avoid persecution.

With such persistent pursuers it was probable that the family lived at Sidon in Phoenicia and left when they were found, but this information was not publicly recorded. The words that are important in establishing whether or not the headstone actually referred to Emperor Tiberius are 'Panthera' and 'Abdes'.

In order to understand this inscription, it shall be shown that the headstone was composed well after the time of the events in question and therefore benefited from the hindsight of history.

Names, Titles and Characters of Jesus Christ

There appeared to be a very deliberate plan in place in the manufacture of this headstone, and whoever was responsible for its construction knew the essence of what is revealed in this book. Its unknown creator encoded vital information in the form of a cipher and anagram, which when decoded revealed the identity of the father of Mariamne Herods' twin boys. In many cases a name was a reflection of that person's character and that view of ancient understanding can be used to trace an individual's life and illuminate that person's intimate character peculiarities. That was the case with Tiberius Julius' nickname, Panther.

Variations were Panter-Panetier Panterer Roman which all meant 'adulterer' 34 and Tiberius was a man noted for his sexual excesses. This was an indication of how historical characters received their confusing multiplicity of names, for their names carne to reflect their nature and the events that surrounded their lives. Not even Tiberius' friends would deny that he often committed adultery, but said in justification that he did so for reasons of state, not simple passion he wanted to discover what his enemies were doing by becoming intimate with their wives or daughters.

The name of 'Panther' may have originally developed from a little-known ancient Roman city of debauchery called Pantherin or Pantherine. From the year of his adoption by Augustus, circa 4AD, to the death of that emperor, Tiberius was in command of the Roman armies and because of his wicked nature, his troops named him 'the savage beast'. There may be another clue in the name 'Panther' associated with the lusty, untamed, horned Greek god Pan, who amused himself with the chase of nymphs.

He was forever in love with one nymph or another, but always rejected because of his foul nature. Pan dwelt in forests and was dreaded by those whose occupations caused them to pass through the woods by day or night. Hence sudden fright without any visible cause was ascribed to Pan, and called a 'Panic' terror.

source This blackened his image so that he was seen to correspond to the Devil himself. The name 'Pan' may have originally developed from the earlier Greek myth of Pan-darus, the term meaning 'to shoot an arrow'.

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Pan was the bowman archer of the Zodiac which is also the sign of Sagittarius, encompassing parts of the months of November and December, and it was no surprise to find that Tiberius, an archer in his youth' 38 was born in November. It should be recognized, however, that the calendar has been adjusted over the course of years. Sometime shortly before the 17th Century, the Latin Sacred College quietly restored fifteen years to the Roman calendar. The net result of that, and earlier alterations, shows a present difference between Oriental and Western chronologies of sixty-three years, when both are compared from any certainly known astronomical date for example, Halley's Comet.

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The Roman leaders were renowned for their personification of earlier gods and the story of Julius Caesar acting out the role as Zeus was well recorded. The guests carne dressed as gods or goddesses, Augustus himself representing Apollo. Apollo was the son of Zeus, who was the equivalent to Jupiter in the Roman pantheon, with the 'Divine Twelve' representing the gods of the zodiac.

Zeus was also the father of Hermes and Pan was Hermes' son. The great importance of the gods in Roman history at the time was seen when Emperor Augustus enlarged the temple of Apollo near Nicopolis, built in recognition of the victory at Actium. The origin of 'Abdes' may be connected with Emperor Augustus' liking for ciphers and this may be what the originator of the tombstone was alluding to when he applied it to Tiberius.

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It was said of Emperor Augustus that:. Instead of paying strict regard to orthography, as formulated by the grammarians, he inclined towards phonetic spelling When Augustus wrote in cipher he simply substituted the next letter of the alphabet for the one required, except that he wrote AA for X.

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  7. By applying both of these rules to the word Abdes on the German headstone, a hidden code is thus revealed:. Note: The extra twist for the reader is to apply the cipher rule forward as the person creating it, not backwards as would have been the case to decipher. The person or persons who created the headstone cipher could have only done so after the Sixth Century when the Julian calendar was first instituted.